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Toby Parcel


Department of Sociology and Anthropology

View CV 


Sociology Program Director, National Science Foundation, September 2017-


Wake County 2011 Unweighted Survey Results

Research Publications

Parcel, Toby L. and John P. Hoffmann. Co-Editors. 2018. “Families and Crime” Special Issue of The American Behavioral Scientist, Forthcoming.

Virginia Riel, Toby L. Parcel, Roslyn A. Mickelson and Stephen S. Smith. “Do Magnet and Charter  Schools Exacerbate or Ameliorate Inequality?”  Sociology Compass, published as Early View.

Parcel, Toby L., Monica Bixby Radu and Laura Fitzwater Gonzales. 2018.  “Who takes DE versus the same course face-to-face?  And what difference does it make?  Results from teaching the sociology of work and family.”    Journal of Public and Professional Sociology (Online only).  Vol 10 (1), Article 6. January.

Parcel, Toby L. and Lori Ann Campbell.  2017. “Can the Welfare State Replace Parents?  Children’s Cognition in the Unived States and Great Britain.”  Social Science Research 64 (May):79-95.

Dufur, Mikaela, Toby L. Parcel, John Hoffmann and David Braudt. 2016.  “Who Has the Advantage?  Race and Sex Differences in Returns to Social Capital at Home and at School.”  Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 45 (September):27-40.

Parcel, Toby L., Joshua A. Hendrix, and Andrew J. Taylor.  2016.  “’How Far is Too Far?’: Gender, Emotional Capital, and Children’s Public School Assignments.”  Socius (October). DOI:10.1177/2378023116669955

Parcel, Toby L. and Andrew J. Taylor.  2015.  The End of Consensus: Diversity, Neighborhoods, and the Politics of Public School Assignments.  Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press.

Parcel, Toby L. Joshua A. Hendrix and Andrew J. Taylor. 2015.  “Race, Politics, and School Assignment Policies in Charlotte-Mecklenburg and Wake County, North Carolina.”  Pp 85-100 in Roslyn A. Mickelson, Stephen S. Smith and Amy Hawn Nelson (Eds.) Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow:  Desegregation and Resegregation in Charlotte. Harvard Education Press.

Dufur, Mikaela J., John P Hoffmann, David Brandt, Toby L. Parcel and Karen R. Spence.  2015 “Examining the Effects of Family and School Social Capital on Delinquent Behavior.” Deviant Behavior 26:511-526.

Hendrix, Joshua A. and Toby L. Parcel. 2014. “Parental nonstandard work, family processes and delinquency during adolescence.” Journal of Family Issues 35:1363-1393.

Parcel, Toby L. 2013. “Children.” In Oxford Bibliography in Sociology. Jeff Manza, Ed. New York: Oxford.

Parcel, Toby L. and Joshua A. Hendrix. 2014. “Family transmission of social and cultural capital.” Pp 361-381 in Wiley-Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Families. Edited by Jackie Scott, Martin Richards and Judith Treas.

Dufur, Mikaela J., Toby L. Parcel, and Kelley Troutman. 2013. “Does capital at home matter more than capital at school?: Social capital effects on academic achievement.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 31:1-21.

Dufur, Mikaela J., Toby L. Parcel and Benjamin A. McKune. 2013. “Does capital at home matter more than capital at school?: The case of adolescent alcohol and marijuana use.” Journal of Drug Issues 43:85-102.

Parcel, Toby L. , Lori Ann Ampbell and Wenxuan Zhong. 2012. “Children’s behavior problems in Great Britain and the United States.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 53:165-182.

Parcel, Toby L. and Joan Pennell. 2012. “Child and family teams building social capital for at-risk students.” Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare 32:75-91.

Parcel, Toby L., Mikaela Dufur, and Rena Cornell Zito. 2010. “Capital at home and at school: A review and synthesis.” Journal of Marriage and Family 72:828-846.

Lori Ann Campbell and Toby L. Parcel. 2010. “Children’s home environments in Great Britain and the United States.” Journal of Family Issues 31:559-584.

Parcel, Toby L. and Mikaela Dufur. 2009. “Family and school capital explaining regional variation in reading and math achievement.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 27:157-176.

Dufur, Mikaela, Toby L. Parcel, and Benjamin A. McKune. 2008. “Capital and context: Using social capital at home and at school to predict child social adjustment.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 49:146-161.

Parcel, Toby L. 2007. Capital at home and at school as determinates of child social adjustment.” Pp.139-161 in Olivia Sanchero and Bernard Spodek (Eds.) Contemporary Perspectives on Social Learning in Early Childhood Education. Information Age Publishing.

Haurin, Donald R., Toby L. Parcel and R. Jean Haurin. 2002. “Does homeownership affect child outcomes?” Real Estate Economics 30:635-666.

Haurin, Donald, Toby L. Parcel and R. Jean Haurin. 2002. “The impact of home ownership on child outcomes.” Pp. 427-446 in Low Income-Home Ownership: Examining the Unexamined Goal. Brookings Institution.

Parcel, Toby L. and Mikaela Dufur. 2001. “Capital at home and at school: Effects on student achievement.” Social Forces 79:881-912.

Parcel, Toby L. and Mikaela Dufur. 2001. “Capital at home and at school: Effects on child social adjustment.” Journal of Marriage and Family 63:32-47.

Powell, Mary Ann and Toby L. Parcel. 1997. “Parental work, family size and social capital effects on early adolescent educational outcomes: The U.S. and Great Britain compared.” Pp. 1-30 in T. L.
Parcel (Ed). Research in the Sociology of Work. Work and Family. Vol. 7. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Toby L. Parcel and Elizabeth G. Menaghan. 1994. “Early parental work, family social capital and early childhood outcomes.” American Journal of Sociology 99:972-1009.


B.A. Sociology University of Washington

M.A. Sociology University of Washington

Ph.D. Sociology University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Area(s) of Expertise

Work, Family and Education; Social Capital; Social Stratification; School Resegregation; Child Outcomes