I am a bioarchaeologist that is interested in understanding people’s daily life in the past and how social, cultural, and environmental changes may have impacted their experiences. I analyze indicators from skeletal remains to reconstruct aspects of a person’s identity like age and sex, daily activities, health or disease indicators and then draw on other contextual or historical information to understand what it was like to live in a particular time or place. My recent co-edited volume, Exploring Sex and Gender in Bioarchaeology (UNMP, 2017) focuses on how bioarchaeologists can better understand how sex is analyzed from skeletal remains and how we can make more meaningful interpretations about sex/gender systems in different cultures.
My research has focused on Pre-European and Colonial Mesoamerica, with archaeological experience in Central Mexico, Honduras, and the Yucatan peninsula. I am particularly interested in how social and political changes associated with colonial life during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries caused a reorganization of daily activities, particularly in the urban capital of New Spain. For this work, I analyzed skeletal remains associated with the Hospital Real San José de los Naturales (HSJN), a royally financed colonial hospital established in CE 1553 to care for the local indigenous population in the historic downtown of Mexico City. My current research expands these studies on daily colonial life to other parts of the Spanish Americas, with a particular focus on the impact of changing demographics as a result of the trans-Atlantic and trans-Pacific slave trade.
Africans and their descendants in Colonial Mexico
This project reconstructs the daily life of people with African heritage that are part of the HSJN skeletal collection. Even though the hospital’s official designation was to care for the indigenous population, colonial society was much more diverse and mixed than it is often portrayed. In collaboration with Mexican colleagues, we are analyzing bioarchaeological, historical, and genetic data to better understand the diversity of Africans that were forcibly brought to New Spain and the role these people and their descendants played in colonial society. This project developed out of my Postdoctoral Research Fellowship from UC MEXUS/CONACYT.
Templo de San Ignacio Archaeological Project
This project is a collaboration with colleagues in Bogotá, Colombia to analyze the construction, funerary practices, and architectural remodeling of the Templo de San Ignacio, a 17th century Jesuit church. Located a block from the main plaza in the historic downtown of Bogotá, this church was one of the earliest to be built and continues to be in use today. In 2016 and 2017, we conducted excavations in various areas of the church and patio area during a planned architectural remodeling and retrofitting project and recovered a skeletal collection that totals over 100 individuals and well-preserved associated funerary textile remains. We are currently conserving the textiles and conducting bioarchaeological analyses to better understand how funerary practices changed over time in this sacred space and the health and diet of the inhabitants of New Granada.
Extension and Community Engagement
Interview with the Women in Archaeology Podcast, October 2018.
Faculty Affiliate with the Science, Technology, and Society (STS) Program
Wesp, Julie K. and Paulina Elizabeth Hernández López. (2022). Cortical Bone Maintenance and Loss in Colonial Mexico City: Analysis of sex- and age-related differences. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 32(4):845-855. doi: 10.1002/oa.3111
Wesp, Julie K. (2022). “The Bioarchaeology of Colonial New Spain” In The Routledge Handbook of Mesoamerican Bioarchaeology, edited by Vera Tiesler, pp. 633-650. New York: Routledge Press. doi: 10.4324/9780429341618-42
Guzmán-Solís, Axel A., Viridiana Villa-Islas, Miriam J. Bravo-López, Marcela Sandoval-Velasco, Julie K. Wesp, Jorge A. Gómez-Valdés, María de la Luz Moreno-Cabrera, Alejandro Meraz, Gabriela Solís-Pichardo, Peter Schaaf, Benjamin R. tenOever, Daniel Blanco-Melo, and María C. Ávila Arcos. (2021). Ancient viral genomes reveal introduction of human pathogenic viruses into Mexico during the transatlantic slave trade. eLife 10:e68612. doi: 10.7554/eLife.68612
Wesp, Julie K. (2021). Bioarchaeological Research on Daily Life in the Emerging Colonial Society. In Mesoamerican Archaeology: Theory and Practice, edited by J. A. Hendon, L. Overholtzer and R. A. Joyce, pp. 374-397. Malden: Blackwell.
Wesp, Julie K. and Rosemary A. Joyce. 2020. Archaeology and the Body. In Oxford Bibliographies in Anthropology, John Jackson, ed. New York: Oxford University Press, online. doi: 10.1093/OBO/9780199766567-0255
Wesp, Julie K. 2020. Working in the City: a historical bioarchaeology of activity in urban New Spain. Historical Archaeology. 54(1): 92 – 109. doi: 10.1007/s41636-019-00223-6
Bravo-Lopez, M., Julie K. Wesp et al. 2020. Paleogenomic insights into the red complex bacteria Tannerella forsythia in Pre-Hispanic and Colonial individuals from Mexico. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 375(1812): 20190580. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0580
Agarwal, Sabrina C. and Julie K. Wesp (eds.) 2017. Exploring Sex and Gender in Bioarchaeology. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Wesp, Julie K. 2017. Embodying Sex/Gender Systems in Bioarchaeological Research. In Exploring Sex and Gender in Bioarchaeology, Sabrina C. Agarwal and Julie K. Wesp, eds. Pp. 99 – 126, Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Wesp, Julie K. 2016. Caring for Bodies or Simply Saving Souls: the emergence of institutional care in Spanish Colonial America. In New Developments in the Bioarchaeology of Care: Case Studies and Extended Theory, Lorna Tilley and Alecia Schrenk, eds. Pp. 253 – 276, New York: Springer Press. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-39901-0_13
Wesp, Julie K. 2015. Bioarchaeological Perspectives on the Materiality of Everyday Life Activities. Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association. 26: 139 – 148. doi: 10.1111/apaa.12067
Menéndez Garmendia, Antinea, Jorge A. Gómez-Valdés, Francisco Hernández, Julie K. Wesp, and Gabriela Sánchez-Mejorada. 2014. Long Bone (Humerus, Femur, Tibia) Measuring Procedure in Cadavers. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 59(5): 1325 – 1329. doi: 10.1111/1556-4029.12459
Ardren, Traci, T. Kam Manahan, Julie K. Wesp, and Alejandra Alonso. 2010. Cloth Production and Economic Intensification in the Area Surrounding Chichén Itzá. Latin American Antiquity. 21(3): 274 – 289. doi: 10.2307/25766994
B.A. Latin American Studies and Anthropology University of Miami 2007
M.A. Anthropology University of California at Berkeley 2009
Ph.D. Anthropology with Designated Emphasis in Women, Gender, and Sexuality University of California at Berkeley 2014
Area(s) of Expertise
Bioarchaeology; Mesoamerica; Colonial Latin America; Labor and Activity; Women, Gender and Sexuality; African Diaspora in Latin America