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Michael Pendlebury

Professor Emeritus

Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies

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Michael Pendlebury retired from NC State after 20 years as Professor of Philosophy and Head of the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies. He studied at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg (BA, BAHons, MA in Philosophy) and Indiana University, Bloomington (MA, PhD in Philosophy, MA in Linguistics). He has served on the philosophy faculty at Illinois State University, the University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, and for twenty years at the University of the Witwatersrand, where he was Professor and Head of Philosophy when he left to join NC State in January 2004. He was editor of the international journal Philosophical Papers from 1986 to 1998.

Philosophical Interests: Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, Metaphysics and Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind and Language, Metaethics, Political Philosophy


The following select publications are sole-authored unless otherwise indicated. For a more complete list of publications, see PhilPeople webpage.

Making Sense of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason: A Philosophical Introduction, London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2022.
“A Kantian Account of Animal Cognition,” Philosophical Forum 48 (2017), 369-393.
Elementary Logic: A Brief Introduction (4th edition), open-access e-book published by the Department of Philosophy, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2013. Pp. vi, 151. Available at (click on “Elementary Logic”).
“Reasons in Action,” Philosophical Papers 42 (2013), 341-368.
“Objectivism versus Realism,” Philosophical Forum 42 (2011), 79-104.
“How to Be a Normative Expressivist,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (2010), 182-207.
“Facts and Truth-making,” Topoi 29 (2010), 137–145.
“Global Justice and the Specter of Leviathan,” Philosophical Forum 38 (2007), 43–56.
“Individual Autonomy and Global Democracy,” Theoria (South Africa) 103 (2004), 43–58.
“ ‘Ought’ Judgments and Motivation,” American Philosophical Quarterly 39 (2002), 183–196.
“In Defense of Moderate Neutralism,” Journal of Social Philosophy 33 (2002), 360–376.
Pendlebury, Michael, Hudson, Peter, and Moellendorf, Darrel, “Capitalist Exploitation, Self-Ownership, and Equality,” Philosophical Forum 32 (2001), 207–220.
“On the Semantics of Simple and Complex Demonstratives in English,” Southern Journal of Philosophy 39 (2001), 313–331.
“Against the Careerist Conception of Well-Being,” Philosophical Forum 31 (2000), 1–10.
“Sensibility and Understanding in Perceptual Judgments,” South African Journal of Philosophy 18 (1999), 356–369.
“Intentionality and Normativity,” South African Journal of Philosophy 17 (1998), 142–151.
“In Defence of the Adverbial Theory of Experience,” in Thought, Language and Ontology: Essays in Memory of Hector-Neri Castaneda (edited by Fransisco Orilia and William Rappaport, Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1998), 95–106.
“The Role of Imagination in Perception,” South African Journal of Philosophy 15 (1996), 133–138.
“Making Sense of Kant’s Schematism,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1995), 777–797.
“Content and Causation in Perception,” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (1994), 767–785.
“Elementary Formal Semantics for English Tense and Aspect,” Philosophical Papers 21 (1992), 215–241.
“Sense Experiences and their Contents: A Defence of the Propositional Account,” Inquiry 33 (1990), 215–230.
“The Projection Strategy and the Truth Conditions of Conditional Statements,” Mind 98 (1989), 179–205.
“Facts as Truthmakers,” The Monist 69 (1986), 177–188.
“Against the Power of Force: Reflections on the Meaning of Mood,” Mind 95 (1986), 361–372.
“How Demonstratives Denote,” Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (1984), 91–104.
“Hob, Nob, and Hecate: the Problem of Quantifying Out,” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 60 (1982), 346–354.
“Indexical Reference and the Ontology of Belief,” South African Journal of Philosophy 1 (1982), 65–74.


Ph.D. Philosophy Indiana University 1980

M.A. Linguistics Indiana University 1978

M.A. Philosophy Indiana University 1976

M.A. Philosophy University of the Witwatersrand 1976

B.A. Hons Philosophy University of the Witwatersrand 1974