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Christopher Mayhorn


Interim-Director, Center for Family and Community Engagement (CFACE)

Department of Psychology


Poe Hall 640D

View CV 


Dr. Christopher B. Mayhorn, Psychology Department Head and Professor in the Human Factors and Ergonomics Psychology program, joined the faculty at North Carolina State University in 2002. He earned a B.A. from The Citadel (1992), an M.S. (1995), a Graduate Certificate in Gerontology (1995), and a Ph.D. (1999) from theUniversityofGeorgia. He also completed a Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Mayhorn’s current research interests include everyday memory, decision-making, human-computer interaction, safety and risk communication for older adult populations. Dr. Mayhorn has more than 50 peer-reviewed publications to his credit and his research has been funded by government agencies such as the National Science Foundation and the National Security Agency. Currently, Chris is serving on the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) Government Relations Committee and as the Chair of the Technical Program Committee of HFES. His nonprofessional interests include history, travel, and spending time with his wife, Susan, their son, Colin, their daughter, Sydney, and their keeshonden.



Research Publications

Applied Cognition

*Crawford, J. T., Leynes, P. A., Mayhorn, C. B., & Bink, M. L. (2004).  Champagne, Beer, or Coffee?: A Corpus of Gender Related and Neutral Words  Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 36 (3), 444-458.

*Kim, P.Y., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2008).  Exploring students’ prospective memory inside and outside the laboratory. American Journal of Psychology, 121(2), 241-254.

Leynes, P. A., Marsh, R. L., Hicks, J. L., Allen, J. D., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2003). Investigating the encoding and retrieval of intentions with Event-Related Potentials (ERPs).  Consciousness and Cognition, 12, 1-18.

Leynes, P. A., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2003).  A reply to R. West’s comments on Leynes, Marsh, Hicks, Allen, & Mayhorn.  Consciousness and Cognition, 12, 25-30.

Marsh, R. L., Hicks, J. L., *Cook, G. I., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2007).  Comparing older and younger adults in an event-based prospective memory paradigm containing an output monitoring component.  Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 14, 168-188.

Mayhorn, C. B., Fisk, A. D., & *Whittle, J. D. (2002).  Decisions, decisions: Analysis of age, cohort, and time of testing on framing of risky decision options.  Human Factors, 44(4), 515-521.

Park, D. C., Hertzog, C., Kidder, D. P., Morrell, R. W., & Mayhorn, C. B. (1997).  The effect of age on event-based and time-based prospective memory.  Psychology and Aging, 12(2), 314-327.

Human-Technology Interaction

*Hardee, J. B., West, R., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2006).  To download or not to download:  An examination of computer security decision-making.  Association of Computing Machinery: Interactions, 13(3), 32-37.

Kelley, C. L., Morrell, R. W., Park, D. C., & Mayhorn, C. B.(1999).  Predictors of electronic bulletin board system use in older adults.  Educational Gerontology, 25, 19-35.

Mayhorn, C.B. & *Carpenter, E. D. (2012).  Age differences and transfer on control solution testing with blood glucometers. Work, 41, Supplement 1,  370-373.

Mayhorn, C. B., *Lanzolla, V. R., Wogalter, M. S., & *Watson, A. M. (2005).  Personal digital assistants (PDAs) as medication reminding tools:  Exploring age differences in usability. Gerontechnology, 4(3), 128-140.

Mayhorn, C.B. & *Nyeste, P. G.  (2012).  Training users to counteract phishing. Work, 41, Supplement 1, 3549-3552.

Mayhorn, C. B. & Sterns, A.A. (2007).  Perfecting the handheld computer for older adults: From cognitive theory to practical application.  Cognitive Technology, 12 (1), 14-20.

Mayhorn, C. B., *Stronge, A. J., *McLaughlin, A. C., & Rogers, W. R. (2004).  Older adults, computer training, and the systems approach: A formula for success.  Educational Gerontology, 30(3), 185-203.

Morrell, R. W., Mayhorn, C. B., & Bennett, J. (2000).  World Wide Web use in middle-aged and older adults. Human Factors, 42(2), 175-182.

Morrell, R. W., Park, D. C., Mayhorn, C. B., & Kelley, C. L.(2000). The effects of age and instructions on teaching older adults to use Eldercomm, an electronic bulletin board system. Educational Gerontology, 26, 221-235.

Sterns, A. A., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2006).  Persuasive pillboxes: Improving medication adherence with personal digital assistants.  Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3962, 195-198.

Wogalter, M. S., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2005).  Providing cognitive support with technology-based warning systems.  Ergonomics, 48(5), 522-533.

Wogalter, M. S., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2008).  Trusting the internet: Cues affecting perceived credibility. International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction, 4 (1), 76-94.

Warnings and Safety

Goldsworthy, R. C. & Mayhorn, C. B. (2009). Prescription medication sharing among adolescents: Prevelance, risks, and outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45(6), 634-637.

Goldsworthy, R. C., Mayhorn, C. B., & Meade, A. W, (2010).  Warnings in manufacturing: Improving hazard mitigation messaging through audience analysis.  Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 20 (6), 484-499.

Goldsworthy, R. C., Schwartz, N., & Mayhorn, C. B.  (2008a).  Interpretation of pharmaceutical warnings among adolescents.  Journal of Adolescent Health, 42 (6), 617-625.

Goldsworthy, R. C., Schwartz, N., & Mayhorn, C. B.  (2008b).  Beyond abuse and exposure: Framing the impact of prescription medication sharing.  American Journal of Public Health, 98 (6), 1115-1121.

Mayhorn, C. B. (2005).  Cognitive aging and the processing of hazard information and disaster warnings.  Natural Hazards Review, 6(4), 165-170.

Mayhorn, C. B. & Goldsworthy, R. C. (2009). “New and improved”: The role text augmentation and the application of responses interpretation standards (coding schemes) in a final iteration of birth defects warnings development. Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology, 85(10), 864-871.

Mayhorn, C. B., & Goldsworthy, R. C. (2007).  Refining teratogen warning symbols for diverse populations.  Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology, 79(6), 494-506.

Mayhorn, C. B., & McLaughlin, A.C. (In press).  Warning the world of extreme events: A global perspective on risk communication for natural and technological disaster.  Safety Science.

Mayhorn, C. B., *Nichols, T. A., Rogers, W. A., & Fisk, A. D. (2004).  Hazards in the home:  Using older adults’ perceptions to inform warning design.  Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 11(4), 211-218.

Mayhorn , C. B., & Wogalter, M. S. (2010). Considering the warning context: New research methodologies and advances. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 20 (6), 481-483.

Mayhorn, C. B., Wogalter, M. S., & *Bell, J. L. (2004).  Are we ready?  Misunderstanding homeland security safety symbols.  Ergonomics in Design, 12(4), 6-14.

Mayhorn, C. B., Wogalter, M. S., & *Shaver, E. F. (2004).  What does Code Red mean?  Ergonomics in Design, 2(4), 12.

McLaughlin, A. C., & Mayhorn, C. B. (2011). Avoiding harm on the farm: Human factors. Gerontechnology, 10(1), 26-37.

McLaughlin, A. C., & Mayhorn, C. B. (In Press). Designing effective risk communications for older adults. Safety Science.

*Vilar, E., Rebelo, F., *Noriega, P., *Teles, J. & Mayhorn, C. B. (2013). The influence of environmental features on route selection in an emergency situation.  Applied Ergonomics, 44(4), 618-627.

*Vilar, E., Rebelo, F., *Noriega, P., *Teles, J. & Mayhorn, C. B. (In Press). Signage versus environmental affordances: Is the explicit information strong enough to guide human behavior during a wayfinding task? Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries

Wogalter, M. S., & Mayhorn, C. B.  (2005).  Perceptions of driver distraction due to cellular phones by cellular phone owners and non-owners.  Human Factors, 47(2), 455-467.

Funded Research

Mayhorn, C.B., Remembering what you have done:  How aging affects output monitoring.  Seedgrant funded by the Center on Aging and Cognition:  Health, Education, and Training.  Direct costs of $3,000. March 1, 2000-March 1, 2002.

Mayhorn, C.B., Reviewing website usability guidelines for older adults:  An empirical approach.  Seedgrant funded by the Georgia Gerontology Consortium.  Direct costs of $2,497. August 1, 2001-August 1, 2002.

Mayhorn, C. B.,  Forget me not:  Enhancing older adults’ medication adherence with personal digital assistants (PDAs).  Funded by the Faculty Research and Professional Development Program at NCSU.   Direct costs of $5000. July 1, 2003-June 30, 2004.

Mayhorn, C. B., Older adults and OTC nonprescription drug label comprehension:  A comparison of older and newer label formats.  Funded by the Drug Information Association Foundation.  Direct costs of $19, 452.  September, 2004-September 2006.

Mayhorn, C. B., Older adult decision making during hurricane hazard preparation: To evacuate or shelter-in-place.  Funded by the National Science Foundation.  Total costs including direct and indirect costs of $29,727.  November, 2004-November, 2005.

Mayhorn, C. B., Research Experiences for Undergraduates.  Funded by the National Science Foundation.  Total costs including direct and indirect costs of $6,000.  November, 2004-November, 2005.

Mayhorn, C. B., Gillan, D., Converse, S., & Faber, B., Improving information resources by studying academic user behavior.  Funded by SAS.  Total costs including direct and indirect costs of $20,000. January, 2008-January, 2009.

Mayhorn, C. B., King, R. E. A survey of the users and customers of the specialized furniture carriers division of the American Home Furnishing Association. Funded by the NCSU Furniture Manufacturing and Management Center. Total costs including direct and indirect costs of $8000.  October, 2011-August 2012.

Mayhorn, C. B. & Murphy-Hill, E. Developing a user profile to predict phishing susceptibility and security technology acceptance. Funded by National Security Agency/Army Research Office. Total costs including direct and indirect costs of $369,522.  January, 2012-January, 2014.

Mayhorn, CB. Using task analysis to understand the cognitive processes and activities of intelligence analysts. Funded by National Security Agency. Total costs including direct and indirect costs of $68,298. January 16, 2014-December 31, 2014.

McLaughlin, A.C., & Mayhorn, C. B.  Qualitative analysis of farm worker risk behavior with tractors.  Funded by NIOSH subcontract from East Carolina University. Total costs including direct and indirect costs of $9972.  March, 2008-September, 2008.



Ph.D. Cognitive Psychology University of Georgia 1999

M.S. Cognitive Psychology University of Georgia 1995

B.A. Psychology The Citadel 1992


View all publications 


Date: 10/01/21 - 9/30/23
Amount: $150,000.00
Funding Agencies: National Science Foundation (NSF)

The overarching goal of the proposed research is to identify, test, and evaluate technologically enabled and community-supported solutions for temporally distributing travel demand for on-demand public transportation services in an equitable manner, without the use of traditional pricing incentives. We are specifically interested in understanding whether enabling and incentivizing prosocial behavior, such as volunteering to shift one??????????????????s trip time to accommodate others, share a ride, and cooperate with other users to improve outcomes for the user community or to prioritize a transportation disadvantaged user, is a potential solution that is feasible and desirable for communities. If our preliminary analysis during the proposed planning grant (PG) supports the case of cooperative adaptive ride planning, we will investigate how prosocial behavior can be enabled in a trip scheduling environment and be facilitated through the use of artificial intelligence (AI), and we will test and evaluate the efficacy of this approach in improving service during an integrative research grant (IRG). No previous research has explored empathy and prosocial behavior in the context of traveler choices and decision-making.

Date: 09/01/22 - 6/30/23
Amount: $1,014,120.00
Funding Agencies: US Dept. of Health & Human Services (DHHS)

The purpose of this contract is to deliver training, technical assistance, evaluation, and research evidence in order to support and improve family-centered practice by child welfare workers and their partners. This work will support efforts as described in the North Carolina's Child and Family Services Plan 2020-2024 regarding the Workforce Development (see p. 93-95). The work will support North Carolina's efforts to create a workforce development program, to include training, coaching, leadership development, and skills assessments, that addresses race equity and inclusion and builds the capabilities of the child welfare workforce at state, regional, and county levels to improve outcomes (i.e., Strategic Priority 5, Target 3). Additionally, all work will support actions required under Rylan's Law, including: Strategies to ensure well-trained and adequately compensated staff to improve performance and reduce turnover. Professional development, training, and performance standards. Ensuring a statewide, trauma-informed, culturally competent, family-centered practice framework.

Date: 08/16/21 - 5/15/22
Amount: $30,195.00
Funding Agencies: User-View, Inc.

Nina Ferreri will plan and execute human factors activities in support of various User-View, Inc. clients. Activities will include TBD human factors activities that are part of a typical user-centered design process. Example activities include, but are not limited to, task analysis, formative usability testing, contextual inquiry, user interviews, and validation summative usability testing.

Date: 01/01/17 - 12/31/17
Amount: $94,867.00
Funding Agencies: Laboratory for Analytic Sciences

DO7 Convoy Leader

Date: 01/01/16 - 12/31/16
Amount: $74,937.00
Funding Agencies: Laboratory for Analytic Sciences

DO6 Behavior Modeling

Date: 03/24/15 - 12/31/15
Amount: $53,285.00
Funding Agencies: Laboratory for Analytic Sciences

LAS DO5 Mayhorn Task 5.4

Date: 05/01/14 - 5/15/15
Amount: $59,804.00
Funding Agencies: Laboratory for Analytic Sciences

LAS DO3 Task Order 2.5 Cognitive Processing

Date: 09/13/13 - 12/31/14
Amount: $48,359.00
Funding Agencies: Laboratory for Analytic Sciences

DO 2 Task 3.8 activities

Date: 12/01/11 - 6/30/12
Amount: $7,700.00
Funding Agencies: NCSU Furniture Manufacturing & Management Center

The purpose of this project is to develop, execute, summarize the findings of a survey aimed at identifying the perceived advantages and disadvantages of specialized furniture carriers. The survey is to be developed in cooperation with the Specialized Furniture Carriers division of the American Home Furnishings Alliance (AHFA) and an analysis of the results will be documented and reported to this group.

Date: 06/04/10 - 12/10/10
Amount: $800.00
Funding Agencies: Sigma Xi, Scientific Research Society

Research on blood glucometers (BG), transfer of training, or usability for older adults (OA) has been conducted in the past. This proposal seeks to integrate these areas, examining the influence of training and age on trial time as well as the number and types of errors committed during a training and transfer task. Hypotheses are that OA will take more time and perform more errors on tasks than younger adults (Y A), and that far transfer errors will be more prevalent than near transfer errors for all participants. The percentage of the population with diabetes has been steadily increasing, especially among OA. Human factors research recommends testing include anticipated users of a product, and has demonstrated significant differences between Y A and OA in numerous studies. One benefit of this proposal is the examination of errors and the ability to transfer information when using 2 current BG. Research will focus on control solution testing (CST), a procedure ensuring a glucometer is obtaining accurate results. Long term benefits of this research include potential aid to designers when constructing future training or products that are portable and require inflexible inputs. A trend toward increased patient self care in medicine has been noted, suggesting a need for research in this area.

View all grants 
  • Fellow, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
  • University Faculty Scholar